Pirates who changed the World.
Rurik
RURIK
· Born: c. 830
· Birthplace: Friesland (now Holland)
· Died: 879
· Best Known As: Founder of the Russian state
Rurik was the Viking (or Varangian) leader who ventured from Jutland to found what is considered to be the first Russian monarchy. According to early chronicles, Rurik and his fellow Scandinavian warriors were invited to rule the Slavs, who had fallen into political chaos. Rurik’s achievements remain a historical mystery, but it is said that he led an army to the Baltic coast of Russia around 855; he established a fortress east of the Baltic Sea at Novgorod around 862 and ruled an area that extended as far south as Kiev (in what is now the Ukraine). When he left Russia in 873 (to manage land in Friesland) he turned his land over to the Viking Oleg, who moved the seat of power to Kiev in 882 and extended his domain to challenge the Byzantine Empire. Oleg was succeeded by Rurik’s son, Igor, and the dynasty Rurik began lasted until the death of Feodor I in 1598.
The Slavs referred to the Scandinavian invaders as “Rusi,” a name which became the origin of the word Russia.
The above is from Wikpedia
What I can add is as follows;
Rurik was in fact Scandinavian not Dutch, he had lands in Holland that had been taken years earlier by his Father and he had settled there.
Prior to arriving up the River Dnieper to the area now known as Kiev, which in itself was a masterpiece of navigation, Rurik and his Rusi had previously raided Spain and Sicilly and a whole bunch of other places.
He arrived at Odessa and learned that virually all of what is now called Ukraine was at war with itself, inasmuch as Ukraine was made up of a whole bunch of Princedoms and had been at fuedal war with each other for generations. Known for their warfare abilities the Rusi were asked by one of the biggest Princedoms to help put an end to the feudal wars by a show of strength. This the Rusi did but they did more, they created a full alliance incorporating all the Princedoms and brought peace to the region. In payment for their services the Rusi were given land and an area further up river and founded a town, Kiev. From Kiev they opened trading routes north to the Baltic sea and from there they connected to Baltic trading in Goth tradition.
So what we have in Rurik and his crew the Rusi is yes a Viking Pirate who pillaged the south of Spain, Sicilly and many Greek Islands in a way to be seen as a great Pirate as he passed through these lands. However he obviously knew where he was going. Acting as he did on his route he became known, so by the time he arrived at Odessa he was already renowned and he didn't need a business card. The speed with which he Allied the war tired Princedoms shows a serious business plan. He came from his lands in Holland, therefore he knew about lands and how they could be used, the lands he was given he chose well. Kiev was founded. This Viking Pirate was truly a very Great man with a great vision and an astounding knowledge of future trading yet remains quite unknown.
Rurik was not alone, he had his crews and they were named as the men of Ru, (The locals had a phonetic problem with the pronounciation of Rurik or his full name which was much longer and more complicated) So the men of Ru were simply called the Rus. Within just a few generations the population were happy to integrate with the Rusi and even call themselves Rusi, how crazy is that? Such a thing could never happen by decree or force, so what kind of people were the crew of Rurik? Surely the Rusi must have been truly loved and respected beyond imagination and had brought peace, trade, and well being. In any case the population became the Rusi, the Russians.
Monument at Kiev.
So next time Vladimir Putin lifts his Vodka to 'Mother Russia' perhaps he should toast 'Father Russia'. A Pirate Gothic Peiran, his name RURIK, his crew the RUS. they Changed the World.
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